“State and Local Fusion Centers: Key Challenges for the Next Decade”
"Fusion centers serve as hubs of strategic analysis and information sharing where Federal, State, and local agencies are all represented in one location. State and local crime data is coordinated, gathered and reviewed to determine if there is any potential connection to terrorist activity. In addition, Federal terrorism-related information is shared with State and local law enforcement....Our nation faces an evolving threat environment, in which threats not only emanate from outside our borders, but also from within our communities. This new environment demonstrates the increasingly critical role fusion centers play... in preventing, protecting against, and responding to crime and terrorism...
"The Committee’s review concludes the Network is not functioning as cohesively as it should and fusion centers are facing numerous challenges preventing the Network from realizing its full potential to help secure the homeland."
In 2007, the National Strategy for Information Sharing called for the establishment of "baseline operational standards" for fusion centers. In 2008, the federal government, in collaboration with federal, state, local, tribal and territorial (SLTT) partners. SLTT partners, published the Baseline Capabilities for State and Major Urban Area Fusion Centers (PDF, 37 pages - 4.6 MB) to establish baseline operational standards and to outline the capabilities necessary for fully operational fusion centers.
KNOWN UNKNOWNS: UNCONVENTIONAL “STRATEGIC SHOCKS” IN DEFENSE STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT
November 2008, www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/pub890.pdf