1/19/13 Mali: Mind-boggling Deja Vu: 2008-2012 Articles Merged with 2013 Articles

NB: previous year propaganda that email subscribers can see dated in purple won't stand out as clearly here, so eyeball dates closely!

The US Middle East North Africa [MENA) operation begun under GWB regime, expanded with obama administration 'secret wars' that fully merged soft & hard power, into what propaganda ''strategic non-violence experts" call necessary "smart power"... which is backfiring on US, thanks to heroic resistance, but destroying vast new parts of the world.
The MENA war reveals the limitless depths of US destruction and deceit to salvage its world domination - demonstrating again, 'if you aren't with US you're with the terrorists"
It's no news that the US global imperialist terror war rests on control of information & communications. What was news, in this corner anyway, is how this info.war includes chronology readjustment as well as content management: Below you see how previous year MENA 'news' reports (dates in purple) are seamlessly melded into 2013 articles - unintentionally exposing the breadth & depth of the US war for and in Africa.
And how consistently the melded accounts deliberately confuse and conflate the Tuareg, the main US target - (MNLA's fierce, protracted, national liberation struggle established an independent state) - with its always dependable 'al qaeda islamists'.

Obama: "Contrast Al-Qa’ida’s Intent to Destroy with Our Constructive Vision"
5/1/10 Obama, NSS http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/rss_viewer/national_securi... {excerpt}
The diversity and complexity of the African continent offer the United States opportunities and challenges. As African states grow their economies and strengthen their democratic institutions and governance, America will continue to embrace effective partnerships....

nb: vision materialized

US 'DISPOSITION MATRIX'
Plan for hunting terrorists signals U.S. intends to keep adding names to kill lists
10/23/12 http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2012-10-23/world/35500278_1_drone-cam...
Over the past few years, the Obama administration has institutionalized a counterterrorism infrastructure capable of sustaining a seemingly permanent war.
Over the past two years, the Obama administration has been secretly developing a new blueprint for pursuing terrorists, a next-generation targeting list called the “disposition matrix.”
The matrix contains the names of terrorism suspects arrayed against an accounting of the resources being marshaled to track them down, including sealed indictments and clandestine operations. U.S. officials said the database is designed to go beyond existing kill lists, mapping plans for the “disposition” of suspects beyond the reach of American drones.
Although the matrix is a work in progress, the effort to create it reflects a reality setting in among the nation’s counterterrorism ranks: The United States’ conventional wars are winding down, but the government expects to continue adding names to kill or capture lists for years. Among senior Obama administration officials, there is a broad consensus that such operations will likely be extended at least another decade. Given the way al-Qaeda continues to metastasize, some officials said no clear end is in sight.

U.S. Military Intervention Escalates in Africa
By Abayomi Azikiwe, Editor, Pan-African News Wire
10/16/11 http://panafricannews.blogspot.com/2011/10/us-nato-war-in-libya-meets-on...
...The US-NATO war against the people of Libya is part of a broader strategy to enhance U.S. political, economic and military control over the African continent. In early October the White House announced the deployment of drones in Somalia, Ethiopia and Djibouti. Oct.14 the Obama administration announced 100 military advisors and Special Forces commandos dispatched to four countries in Central Africa...

10/24/12 WP: Obama's $10 Billion Nuclear Weapon Upgrade

2008 - 2009 US Army War College, Carlisle, Penn., conducted series of African war game scenarios

Pentagon preparation for expansion of AFRICOM under the Obama Administration. In the presence of US State Department Officials, employees from The Rand Corporation and Israeli military personnel, a military exercise was undertaken which tested how AFRICOM would respond to a disintegrating Nigeria on the verge of collapse amidst civil war. The scenario envisioned rebel factions vying for control of the Niger Delta oil fields (the source of one of America’s top oil imports), which would potentially be secured by some 20,000 U.S.led troops if a US-friendly coup failed to take place. At a House Armed Services Committee press conference March 13, 2008, AFRICOM Commander, General William Ward, stated that the issue of growing US dependence on African oil would be furthered by AFRICOM operating under the principle theatre-goal of "combating terrorism". February 18, 2008 at an AFRICOM Conference held at Fort McNair, Vice Admiral Robert T. Moeller declared the guiding principle of AFRICOM was to protect "the free flow of natural resources from Africa to the global market", before citing China’s increasing presence in the region as challenging US interests.

NB: Panetta explains US global supremacy

We Will Work With Africans to fight al-Qaida
1/19/13 http://www.voanews.com/content/panetta-us-will-work-with-africans-to-fig...
Anti-terrorist forces can keep al-Qaida on the run, Panetta said, but...the US will never tolerate attacks on its territory, citizens or interests...Panetta disputed a reporter's suggestion that the US is not providing concrete assistance to French forces that moved into the country a week ago to fight another al-Qaida affiliate. “We are, in fact, providing assistance to the French. We provided intelligence information.. an airlift to assist them project more of their force into the area.” And Panetta said there are talks about further assistance, as well as more involvement by West African forces...but no US or UK combat forces...

NB: humanitarian global dominator is not a 'foreign' force in any sovereign nation it invades, occupies, conquers, directly and/or indirectly

State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said the U.S. is providing assistance to foreign forces in the region."We have deployed about 100 trainers to Africa," said Nuland. "They are traveling to Niger, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Togo, and Ghana to discuss the training, equipping and deployment needs of those countries."
1/18/13 http://www.voanews.com/content/malian-army-retakes-central-city-from-reb...

AFRICOM'S Next Front : Lagos Dissents Under IMF Hegemony Nigeria:
1/5/12 http://engforum.pravda.ru/index.php?/topic/244745-the-imf-and-us-african...
The Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Christine Lagarde, on a recent trip to West Africa, met with Nigerian President, Goodluck Johnathan in December 2011 and the governments of Guinea, Cameroon, Ghana and Chad to drive home new IMF Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) directives.
[How IMF-World Bank and Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) Destroy Africa ]

US Trains for Counterterrorism Missions in Mali
2/26/10 GAO, Mali – U.S. Navy SEAL advisor watches Malian special operations vehicle unit run through immediate-action drills for counter-terrorism missions during training

information-psychological war preparations
Retooling U.S. Public Diplomacy as a Strategic Instrument...Behind the Offensive Across North Africa & 'Middle East' [MENA]
2/21/11 http://74.125.155.132/scholar?q=cache:gslIoyPd48kJ:scholar.google.com/+N...

The Continuity of Client States and Military Intervention
2002 ">http://faculty.washington.edu/majeski/isa02pap.pdf>
Abstract
United States foreign policy in the twentieth century has arguably been built around the creation and protection of client states. This both antedates the cold war and continues after its
end. We lay out the elements of a theory of client state acquisition based on the decay of European colonial empires, on U.S. concern with stability and order..For several decades, the United States has had the single largest network of client states. ... well more than half of all states in the world are therefore American clients.4 ...U.S. policymakers have consistently believed their political, economic, and security interests of the day require order and stability.9 From time to time, of course, those interests may indicate that certain regimes should be countered or even overthrown (or, for many decades, that U.S. clients should lose their colonial empires), but such actions are always seen as a restoration or, conversely, the initial establishment of a certain just international order.10 In the American view, the way order is indicated is via the existence of states with regimes which know their place in this order and uphold its current principles.

... "Client military government seem to be the US preferred form of governance for African countries..."
3/22/12 http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/renegade-soldiers-seize-contr...

Mali Tuareg declare independence
4/6/12 http://www.worldcrunch.com/malis-tuareg-rebels-declare-independence/defa...
(AP) Bamako - "We, the people of the Azawad, proclaim the irrevocable independence of the state of the Azawad starting from this day, Friday, April 6, 2012. My brothers, the great Tuareg tribes of Libya and Africa, you elected the deceased Mu’ammer Qadhafi as your Leader. Your Leader was killed…We know that the Tuareg of Libya, Algeria, Western Sahara, Mali and Niger will avenge his death. Your actions will determine the fate and future of the mercenaries and colonizers...." " said the statement published on MNLA website,
Military chiefs of 13 of Mali's [ECOWAS] neighbors met in Ivory Coast to hash out plans for a military intervention to restore constitutional rule in the capital in the south, and push back the rebels in the north. France said it is willing to offer logistical support for the operation.

11/7/12 English language Azawad National Liberation Movement of Azawad (MNLA) website 'not available'

Slain U.S. ambassador recruited jihadists: sources
9/24/12 http://www.wnd.com/2012/09/sources-slain-u-s-ambassador-recruited-jihadi...
...U.S. ambassador Christopher Stevens murdered in Libya, played a central role in recruiting jihadists to fight Bashar al-Assad’s regime in Syria, according to Egyptian security officials..

Mali Tuareg deny Qaeda links
2/24/12 http://www.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/02/24/196724.html
“Comparing us to AQIM (Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb) is preposterous. The MNLA shares no interests nor policies with this terrorist organization,” Mossa Ag Atter, a spokesman for the Azawad National Liberation Movement (MNLA), told the el-Watan French-language daily.

Mali military coup leader trained in U.S.
3/23/12 http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/leader-of-mali-mil...
The coup comes a month before Mali — one of the few established democracies in the region — was to hold a presidential election. Mali coup leaders pledged a return to democracy and said they deposed President Amadou Toumani Toure because of his incompetence in combating the Tuareg insurgency. A U.S. defense official said Friday that the leader of the military coup Thursday received military training in the United States on “several” occasions. Capt. Amadou Haya Sanogo, who led a renegade military faction that deposed Mali’s democratically elected president, visited the US several times to receive professional military education, including basic officer training, said Patrick Barnes, a U.S. Africa Command [AFRICOM] official in Washington...he could not provide further details about Sanogo’s participation in the International Military Education and Training program funded by the US State Department... The State Department condemned the coup and called for restoration of democratic rule...
Mali...is a key U.S. counterterrorism partner in efforts to contain al-Qaeda in North Africa. The U.S. has bolstered Malian security forces for years...AFRICOM's planned major regional military exercise in Mali last month was canceled because of Mali’s struggle to contain a Tuareg insurgency in the northern part of the country. The exercise, called Flintlock 2012, to bring together security forces from West Africa, Europe and the US to coordinate counterterrorism missions.
J. Peter Pham, African affairs specialist at the Atlantic Council Washington think tank said “It would be hard to find an officer at his rank or higher in the Malian military who hasn’t received training. They’ve been a pretty reliable partner in terms of counterterrorism training.” Sanogo, in appearances on African television since the coup Thursday, stated he had received U.S. military and intelligence training, but did not reveal details.

Tuareg Right to Self-Determination
3/23/12 http://tullyspage.blogspot.com/2012/03/tuareg-right-to-self-determinatio...
...When European powers carved up Africa, France took control of much of the native homelands, calling it all “French West Africa.” When this territory was carved up into the nations that make up the modern map of Africa in the 1960s, Tuareg traditional homeland – “the Agadez” - was divided between Mali, Niger, and Algeria. A smaller number of Tuareg were drawn into Libya as well. The Tuareg opposed this political division that established international political borders across their historic and traditional nomadic routes. In response, the new Malian army brutally repressed the Tuareg, slaughtering hundreds and their livestock flocks. Malian military rule, backed by the US and European friends, was imposed on Mali for 25 years...

US holds off suspending Mali military aid after coup
3/23/12 http://www.ajc.com/news/nation-world/us-holds-off-1394815.html

Tuareg National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad deny French "its declaration is meaningless"
4/6/12 http://www.english.rfi.fr/africa/20120406-malian-tuareg-independence-dec...

Mali Tuareg Scrap Brief Pact with Islamists
6/1/12 http://www.france24.com/en/20120601-malis-tuareg-rebels-scrap-unity-pact...
The MNLA, which wants an independent Azawad state, seized the north of Mali in early April with the backing of a local Islamist group Ansar Dine, whose goal is to impose sharia, Islamic law, across all of Mali. The MNLA says the Islamists' insistence on establishing sharia law goes against their secular principles....Ansar Dine’s ties to local al Qaeda agents in the region have raised fears of the emergence of a new “rogue state” acting as a safe haven for terrorist activity....

“Unsecured Libyan Weapons: Regional Impact and Possible Threats” and the Tuareg Problem
1/18/12 Civil - Military Fusion Centre
"... Risks of a renewed insurgency in Mali have increased due to the likelihood some Tuareg have returned from Libya with looted weapons. Exclusive Analysis suggests that if an insurgency were to occur in Mali, it is expected that army and government assets would be the primary targets, followed by foreign assets such as oil exploration and mining operations..."

The ECOWAS West African regional bloc has 3,300 troops ready to deploy in Mali
7/7/12 http://www.english.rfi.fr/africa/20120707-west-african-leaders-seek-unit... .

West Africans cool response to French call for military intervention in Mali
French foreign affairs minister Fabius' 48-hour tour of four French-speaking countries ended in Chad
7/29/12 by RFI, http://www.english.rfi.fr/auteur/rfi

Northern Mali: A Political, Security and Humanitarian Crisis
7/2012 Civil - Military Fusion Centre Mediterranean Basin Team Report
https://www.cimicweb.org/cmo/medbasin/pages/SpecialReports.aspx
...The MNLA’s stated objective “to free the people of Azawad from illegal occupation of the Azawadian territory by Mali " seeks a secular Azawad. Ansar Dine, “defenders of the faith”, an Islamist group formed in 2011 in northern Mali under Iyad Ag Ghaly, believed to have ties to AQIM, introduced the Salafi2 sect of Islam to Mali...released video in February 2012 proclaiming its goal to impose strict Sharia in Mali. At the beginning of the 2012 rebellion, MNLA refused uniting with Islamist Ansar Dine ...Ansar Dine, opposing MNLA’s declaration of an independent state of Azawad, reiterated its objective of seeing Sharia law implemented in both the northern and southern regions....

U.S.: 'WAR TO RETAKE NORTH MALI INEVITABLE'
10/24/12 http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/war-in-mali-inevitable-as...
US said a war to reconquer the region had become "inevitable"...US Defence Secretary Panetta refused to rule out U.S. support for training or other operations on the ground. The attack that killed the US ambassador in Libya's Benghazi has been linked to AQIM but no evidence has been produced

France will be strategic partner with Algeria but no friendship treaty, Fabius says
10/21/12 http://www.english.rfi.fr/africa/20121021-france-be-strategic-partner-al...

President Hollande promised not to send French troops while offering logistical support and training to the west African ECOWAS force
France to send drones to Mali as jihadists flock to north, report
10/23/12 http://www.english.rfi.fr/africa/20121023-france-send-drones-mali-jihadi...
Citing an anonymous source in the French Defence Ministry, AP said France plans to move two surveillance drones to west Africa from Afghanistan before the end of the year as part of an increasing role in the Malian conflict. France is not believed to have any armed drones. US Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Johnnie Carson and other U.S. diplomats are meeting their French counterparts for two days in Paris Monday...will discuss intelligence-gathering and security in the Sahel. The anonymous French defence official told AP that Washington has “conferred to us the role of leader” in the crisis. France, former colonial ruler of Mali, has airpower and hundreds of troops in Senegal, Côte d’Ivoire, Chad and Gabon, also once French colonies... while the US has only trainers and advisers on temporary missions, according to AFRICOM, the US military Africa command based in Stuttgart, Germany. France is also reported to have special forces in the region and to have contracted out surveillance of Mali to a private company...France and the UN want west African countries to organise a direct military invention in northern Mali, where armed Islamist groups have taken control following Tuareg separatist rebellion.

US, Algeria See Moderate Tuaregs as Key to Ending Mali Partition
10/30/12 & 12/15/12 http://blogs.voanews.com/state-department-news/2012/10/30/us-algeria-see...

Al Qaida-linked groups cement control in northern Mali as diplomats ponder intervention
10/31/12 http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2012/10/31/173211/al-qaida-linked-groups-ceme...
...U.S. efforts now focused on regional diplomacy, expected to end eventually in a military intervention...Neighboring African states would provide the manpower, the West, intelligence and guidance...similar to an offensive launched to counter al Qaida’s affiliate in Somalia. U.S. diplomats and military officials are buzzing to and from West African and European capitals, trying to finalize an intervention plan. The West African bloc of nations, ECOWAS, has said it is willing to contribute an intervention force, backed by the African Union, supported financially and logistically by the U.S. and iallies...Secretary of State Clinton met with officials in neighboring Algeria in hopes of winning support for some kind of action. Clinton described Mali as a hub from which "terrorists are seeking to extend their reach and their networks in multiple directions.”...speaking on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly last month.

French troops won't go to Mali, Hollande Promises
11/14/12 http://allafrica.com/stories/201211140377.html
President François Hollande categorically ruled out French military intervention in Mali, pledging that France will not intervene "under any pretext" in the north of the country, currently under the control of Islamist militias....Hollande pledged that Paris would only provide "logistical support" to the African nations set to intervene in Islamist-controlled northern Mali.

France to put surveillance drones over Mali
10/23/12 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/mali/9627...
The United States sees France as a key player in Mali, and the French defense official said the U.S. "has conferred to us the role of leader" in the crisis. The United States has no full-time military presence in Africa, but from time to time sends trainers or other advisers on specific missions, according to AFRICOM, the U.S. military command for Africa based in Stuttgart, Germany.... The US has already expanded its Mali-related intelligence effort with satellite and spy flights over the north to track and map the rebels..U.S. State Department spokesman Mark Toner said he wasn't aware of French drone deployment over Mali, but said the U.S. was closely working with France and African nations on a plan to address the crisis....
"not just for us, not just for France, but for the region. So it's going to take a collaborative approach...that we think, should correctly be led by those countries in the region." ...
France is holding secret talks with US officials in Paris... insist any invasion of Mali's north must be led by African troops to help Mali win back the north from al-Qaeda-linked rebels... rebels...France is turning its attention to the Sahel as it accelerates its pullout of troops from Afghanistan...Many in the West fear that northeast Mali and the arid Sahel region could become the new Afghanistan, a no-man's-land where extremists can train, impose hardline Islamic law and plot terror attacks abroad. ..Whether or when an international intervention in Mali will come remains uncertain.

Clinton woos reluctant Algeria on Mali intervention
10/29/12 http://www.france24.com/en/20121029-mali-algeria-clinton-woos-reluctant-...

Will Mali be Africa's Afghanistan?
11/27/12 John Thorne, Correspondent, www.csmonitor.com/ World/ Africa/ 2012/ 1127/ November 27, 2012
...Mali was hit by two successive shocks to its system this year, leaving its government fragile and its future uncertain. Last winter, nearly half the country was seized by ethnic Tuareg rebels, later elbowed aside by Islamist militants...[and] a military coup soon unseated the democratically elected president just weeks before elections were to be held...

Pentagon planning multinational military operation in Mali
12/6/12 http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/pentagon-planning-...

China's New Leadership and Sino-Africa Relations
Jan. 2013 http://www.brookings.edu/research/reports/2013/01/foresight-africa-china...
Chapter from 2013 Foresight Africa full report, http://www.brookings.edu/research/reports/2013/01/foresight-africa-2013# which details the top priorities for Africa in the coming year.
Africa starts 2013 with hope and optimism. Africa has dropped its mantle as a “doomed continent” and has weathered several global economic crises fairly well. Today, the continent is a land of opportunity for Africans and international investors. Many now see an “emerging Africa” because of the positive changes that have taken place and continue to take place across the continent...China’s strategies in Africa may not change dramatically in 2013; however, African governments may have an evolving view of China’s sometimes unequal partnership. Many Africans hope China’s new leaders will shift China’s priority from short-term resource exploitation to a more long-term sustain able development model. At the same time, albeit in small numbers, some African politicians and civil society organizations have begun to be more vocal in their opposition to China’s resource-centric approach toward the continent

Western leaders warned northern Mali could become a base of operation for terrorists intent on striking European and American targets.
1/14/13 http://www.france24.com/en/20130114-mali-france-intervention-terrorist-attacks>

French troops won't go to Mali, Hollande
1/14/13 by (* see below, who is RFI?) Reuters/http://www.english.rfi.fr/auteur/rfi
President François Hollande categorically ruled out French military intervention in Mali Tuesday at a press conference. France will not intervene “under any pretext” in the north of the country...that Europe will leave military action to Africans... Paris would only provide "logistical support" to the ECOWAS African nations set to intervene in Islamist-controlled northern Mali

NB: 2013 'update' reveals the real problem....

"... allowed Algeria to remain the regional hegemon"
Algerian stance spoils U.S. strategy for region
1/18/13 http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/algerian-reticence...
LONDON — The hostage crisis in Algeria has upended the Obama administration’s strategy for coordinating an international military campaign against al-Qaeda fighters in North Africa... For months U.S. officials intensively lobbied Algeria — by far the strongest military in North Africa — to help intervene next-door in Mali where jihadists and other rebels established a well-defended base of operations. Secretary of State Clinton and other high-ranking U.S. officials made repeated visits to Algiers in the fall to persuade the oil-rich country to contribute troops to a U.N.-backed military force in Mali. But Algeria’s unilateral decision to attack kidnappers at a natural gas plant — shunning outside help, imposing a virtual information blackout and disregarding international pleas for caution — has dampened hopes that it might cooperate militarily in Mali...“The result is the U.S. will have squandered six to eight months of diplomacy for how it wants to deal with Mali...squandered in the sense that the Algerians will likely double down on their recalcitrance to get involved. They’ve already put themselves in a fortress-like state” said Geoff D. Porter, an independent North African security analyst...
Obama administration officials have said a multinational military intervention is necessary to stabilize Mali but such a campaign must be led by African countries and is unlikely to succeed without Algerian involvement....“As is obvious to you, we are not from this region,” Army Gen. Carter F. Ham, the commander of U.S.AFRICOM told reporters IN a September visit to Algiers, his fourth there in 18 months....Algeria’s motives remain a puzzle to U.S. officials...“It more or less has... allowed Algeria to remain the regional hegemon,” said J. Peter Pham, a U.S. military adviser and Africa expert at the Atlantic Council of the United States.

CIA drone strikes will get pass in counterterrorism ‘playbook’ officials say
1/19/13 http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/cia-drone-strikes-...
The Obama administration is nearing completion of a detailed counterterrorism manual designed to establish clear rules for targeted-killing operations -- none of which applies to the CIA drone strike campaign in Pakistan...(and) allows the CIA to continue pounding al-Qaeda and Taliban targets for a year or more before complying ...“ undoubtedly predicated on facts on the ground.” ...with more stringent rules in a classified document officials described as a counterterrorism “playbook.” Obama’s national security team agreed to the CIA compromise last month during “principals committee” meeting of top national security officials, led by White House counterterrorism adviser John O. Brennan, since nominated as CIA director by Obama.
The playbook adopted more stringent rules. Among them are requirements for White House approval of drone strikes and the involvement of multiple agencies — including the State Department — in nominating new names for kill lists...Brennan spent 25 years at the agency before serving as chief counterterrorism adviser to Obama for the past four years.... presiding over a major expansion of strikes. CIA officials are likely to be “quite willing, quite eager to embrace” the playbook authored by their presumed future director...“It’s his handiwork.”Brennan’s confirmation hearing... is scheduled for Feb. 7....
The adoption of a formal guide to targeted killing marks...the institutionalization of a practice that would have seemed anathema to many before the Sept.11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
Among the subjects covered in the playbook are... when the CIA or U.S. military can conduct drone strikes outside war zones.

NB: CIA-qaeda's endless uses: US managed 'arab spring' creates new excuses and pretexts:

NYT propaganda package summarizes & connects info. war dots to explain US 'jihadist' problems, thus laying groundwork for whatever US decides on next in MENA war
Jihadist Surge in North Africa Reveals Grim Side of Arab Spring
1/2o/13 http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/20/world/africa/in-chaos-in-north-africa-...
In recent days, that unhinged (Ghaddafi) prophecy has acquired a grim new currency. In Mali, French paratroopers arrived this month to battle an advancing force of jihadi fighters already in control of an area twice the size of Germany. In Algeria, a one-eyed Islamist bandit organized the brazen takeover of an international gas facility, taking hostages that included more than 40 Americans and Europeans. Coming just four months after an American ambassador was killed by jihadists in Libya, those assaults have contributed to a sense that North Africa — long a dormant backwater for Al Qaeda — is turning into another zone of dangerous instability, much like Syria, site of an increasingly bloody civil war. The mayhem in this vast desert region has many roots, but it is also a sobering reminder that the euphoric toppling of dictators in Libya, Tunisia and Egypt has come at a price. “It’s one of the darker sides of the Arab uprisings,” said Robert Malley, the Middle East and North Africa director at the International Crisis Group. “Their peaceful nature may have damaged Al Qaeda and its allies ideologically, but logistically, in terms of the new porousness of borders, the expansion of ungoverned areas, the proliferation of weapons, the disorganization of police and security services in all these countries — it’s been a real boon to jihadists.”
The crisis in Mali is not likely to end soon with the militants ensconcing themselves among local people and digging fortifications. It could also test the fragile new governments of Libya and its neighbors, in a region where any Western military intervention arouses bitter colonial memories and provides a rallying cry for Islamists. And it comes as world powers struggle with civil war in Syria, where another Arab autocrat is warning about the furies that could be unleashed if he falls.
Even as Obama administration officials vowed to hunt down the hostage-takers in Algeria, they faced the added challenge of a dauntingly complex jihadist landscape across North Africa that belies the easy label of “Al Qaeda,” with multiple factions operating among overlapping ethnic groups, clans and criminal networks...Although there have been hints of cross-border alliances among the militants, such links appear to be fleeting. And their targets are often those of opportunity, as they appear to have been in Benghazi and at the gas facility in Algeria.
In the longer term, the Obama administration and many analysts are divided about what kind of threat the explosion of Islamist militancy across North Africa poses to the United States...
In a sense, both the hostage crisis in Algeria and the battle raging in Mali are consequences of the fall of Colonel Qaddafi in 2011. Like other strongmen in the region, Colonel Qaddafi had mostly kept in check his country’s various ethnic and tribal factions... keeping volatile elements repressed. Once that lid was removed, and the borders enforced by powerful governments became more porous, there was greater freedom for various groups — whether rebels, jihadists or criminals — to join up and make common cause.
In Mali, for instance, there are the Tuaregs, a nomadic people ethnically distinct both from Arabs in the nations to the north, and Africans in southern Mali who control the national government. They fought for Colonel Qaddafi in Libya, then streamed back across the border after his fall, banding together with Islamist groups to form a far more formidable fighting force. They brought with them heavy weapons and a new determination to overthrow the Malian government, which they had battled off and on for decades in a largely secular struggle for greater autonomy. Even the Algeria gas field attack — which took place near the Libyan border, and may have involved Libyan fighters — reflects the chaos that has prevailed in Libya for the past two years.
** Mokhtar Belmokhtar, the warlord who led the attack on the Algerian gas field.... Some in Mali and the West invested hopes in ***Iyad Ag Ghali, a Tuareg who leads Ansar Dine, or Defenders of the Faith, one of the main Islamist groups...said to be opportunistic, was an ideological link between the hard-line Islamists of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and the secular nationalist Tuareg group, known as the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad. But so far negotiations have led nowhere, leaving the Malian authorities and their Western interlocutors with little to fall back on besides armed force.

** Iyad Ag Ghali, at least until now, has been an integral part of the DRS-US schema

*** Mokhtar Belmokhtar is a veteran of US Operation Cyclone, code name of the 1979-1989 US CIA operation arming, training and financing Afghan mujahideen, under Osama bin Laden's leadership, to give the US major rival, the Soviet Union "its Vietnam" in Afghanistan....as its designer Zbigniew Brzezinski arrogantly bragged :

Zbigniew Brzezinski: Why the US provoked the Soviet Union into invading Afghanistan
1/21/1998 Le Nouvel Observateur, Translated from French by William Blum
Question: The former director of the CIA, Robert Gates, stated in his memoirs [From the Shadows], that American intelligence services began to aid the Mujahadeen in Afghanistan six months before the Soviet intervention. In this period you were the national security adviser to President Carter. You therefore played a role in this affair. Is that correct?

Brzezinski: Yes. According to the official version of history, CIA aid to the Mujahadeen began during 1980, that is to say, after the Soviet army invaded Afghanistan, 24 Dec 1979. But the reality, closely guarded until now, is completely otherwise: Indeed, it was July 3, 1979 that President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul. And that very day, I wrote a note to the president in which I explained to him that in my opinion this aid was going to induce a Soviet military intervention... We didn't push the Russians to intervene, but we knowingly increased the probability that they would.

Question: When the Soviets justified their intervention by asserting they intended to fight against secret involvement of the US in Afghanistan, people didn't believe them. However, there was a basis of truth. You don't regret anything today?

Brzezinski: Regret what? That secret operation had the effect of drawing the Russians into the Afghan trap and you want me to regret it? The day the Soviets officially crossed the border, I wrote President Carter, in substance: We now have the opportunity of giving the USSR its Vietnam war. Indeed, for almost 10 years, Moscow had to carry on a war unsupportable by the government, a conflict that brought about the demoralization and finally the breakup of the Soviet empire.

Question: And neither do you regret having supported the Islamic fundamentalists, having given arms and advice to future terrorists?

Brzezinski: What is most important to the history of the world? The Taliban or the collapse of the Soviet empire? Some stirred-up Moslems or the liberation of Central Europe and the end of the cold war?

Question: Some stirred-up Moslems? But it has been said and repeated: Islamic fundamentalism represents a world menace today.

Brzezinski: Nonsense! It is said the West has a global policy in regard to Islam. That is stupid. There isn't a global Islam....

-------

US PUBLIC DIPLOMACY & STRATEGIC INFORMATION INFO:

* Who is RFI?

You are listening to (VOA) Voice Of America - Global Live - (美国之 ... www.voicedaily.com
(RFI) Radio France Internationale (Chinese) · (VOA) Voice Of America (Chinese) · (RFA) Radio Free Asia (Chinese) · (NHK) Japan Broadcasting (Chinese)

The US Information Agency (USIA) has always been an overt white propaganda organization. Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty clandestinely funded through the CIA, but with the VOA all now come under the authority of a quasi-public corporation, the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) which was part of USIA until 1999. Another overt propaganda organization, the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) was created in 1983...
CIA authority to perform psychological operations:
a. Coordination of overt psychological warfare with:
Covert psychological warfare.
Censorship .
Domestic information.[7]
(PDF) The Foreign Information Program and Psychological Warfare Planning NSC 59/1; FRUS document 2, http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/96785.pdf

2011 U.S. Department of Defense "Social Media Hub ... This Instruction establishes and implements policy, assigns responsibilities, and prescribes procedures ... Under MilitaryHOMEFRONT -Secretary of Defense Memorandum, "Department of Defense Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) ..."apps.mhf.dod.mil/pls/psgprod/f?p=MHF:DETAIL1:0::::SID,CID:20.80.500.387.0.0.0.0.0,20.80.500.387.500.90.30.0.0

1/17/13 SITE Intel Group video made available purporting to show militia leader Moktar Belmoktar, al-Qaida's strongman in the Sahara

NB: about US SITE INTEL: it produces most 'JIHADIST' 'images', 'translations' and other disinformation

7/07 http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2011/07/oslo_blast_hits_gove.php
"The Long War Journal is a project of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies"
Al Qaeda-linked terrorists quickly commented on today's Norway attack. Abu Suleiman al Nasser, described by SITE Intelligence Group as a "prominent jihadist"...said in a statement released on the al Qaeda-linked Shumukh al Islam forum, according to a translation provided by SITE..."Norway was targeted today as a lesson and example to the other countries of Europe". Another jihadist, Amir Grozny, said today's attack was retaliation for Norway's deployment of troops to Afghanistan...in a post at the Shumukh al Islam forum, according to SITE

NB: US NGO 'CIVIL SOCIETY' SELLS US 'SMART POWER' BY PROMOTING SOFT POWER 'HUMANITARIAN AID & DEVELOPMENT' AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO USNATO MILITARY POWER:

Regional Director for Africa - Open Society Institute
2009-11-06, Issue 456
http://pambazuka.org/en/category/jobs/60047
Please email resume and cover letter with salary requirements before December 4, 2009 to: humanresources@sorosny.org Include job code in subject line: RD-Africa OR TO
Open Society Institute Human Resources – Code RD-Africa 400 West 59th Street New York, New York 10019 FAX: 212.548.4675 No phone calls, please
Open Society Institute in 1984 start to help countries make the transition from communism. OSI has expanded the Soros Foundations network to encompass the US and more than 100 countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The Regional Director provides strategic guidance and leadership on initiatives for Africa... the Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA), the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA), and the Open Society Initiative for East Africa (OSIEA), the OSI national foundation in South Africa... and responsibility for other OSI programs and entities... The Africa Regional Director reports to Director of International Operations. http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/jobs/60047

Pambazuka - Africa: Program Manager... liaison and manager of USAID-funded Africa Liaison Program Initiative (ALPI) ALPI.. to enhance collaborative relationships
http://pambazuka.org/en/category/jobs/19777

In typical fashion Soros agent 'corrects' US blaming al-qaeda in order to blame real US enemy, Tuareg, and 'justify' further US 'complicity'
Algerian state terrorism and atrocities in northern Mali
9/25/12 Jeremy H. Keenan, http://www.opendemocracy.net/author/george-soros
Islamist ‘terrorist’ groups that have taken control of northern Mali are creations of Algeria’s secret police, the Département du Renseignement et de la Sécurité (DRS) being supplied, supported and orchestrated by the DRS... US, British and French intelligence services in support for the DRS and therefore, it could be argued, their complicity in the atrocities...  

A new crisis in the Sahel
Algerian forces cross into Mali as the possibility of another Tuareg rebellion looms over the region.
1/3/13 Jeremy Keenan, http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2012/01/20121274447237703.html
AQIM's leaders in the region, Abdelhamid Abou Zeid, Yahia Djouadi and Algeria's DRS is hand in glove with the US in their joint geo-political strategy of destabilising the western Sahel...
Iyad Ag Ghali, at least until now, has been an integral part of the DRS-US schema...an accomplice in the fabrication of terrorism and a US 'facilitator' in the region over many years...
Since the fall of Gaddafi, Algerian and US counter-terrorism agencies have widely broadcast how the trafficking of Libyan arms into the Sahel is increasing the threat of AQIM in the region. While there is a grain of truth in that, it is predominantly propaganda: The main flow of arms accompanies the pro-Gaddafi Tuareg soldiers returning to Mali...The danger of this is not that it will strengthen AQIM, but that it will fuel a possible Tuareg rebellion. These returning Tuareg have already given the impetus to a new Tuareg secessionist movement, the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad (NMLA) established in October....Tuareg unrest in Algeria is simmering just beneath the surface. Any engagement between Algerian troops and Mali's Tuareg could also draw in the Niger Tuareg. Unrest could even spread to southern Libya, where the local Tuareg are under considerable pressure in the post-Gaddafi situation...
The US, which... has been complicit in turning the Sahel into the "Terror Zone" the Pentagon first daubed on its 2003 maps of Africa, has been aware [SIC] of Iyad's role in the complex Mali-AQIM-DRS tangle...Algeria now has little choice but to try and negotiate a deal with both Iyad and the Tuareg rebels to calm a potentially explosive situation. This would almost certainly involve diverting further funds to Iyad Ag Ghali...

============

Made-in-USA 'Arab Revolution' : MENA: North Africa-Middlle East War links
1/28 Documents Expose US/NGO 'democracy uprising' leaders in major new war front http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/333
2/4 Egypt: US Mission Accomplished? http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/334
2/11 U.S. Declares Freedom: Egypt's 'New' Military Dictatorship http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/335
2/13 Egypt: Transparent Trappings: Creative Destruction for a ’Greater Middle East' & Beyond http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/336
2/20 Removing Room for Doubt http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/337
2/21 Libya: US Soft War Preps for Military Moves: African & Arab Surrogates Assist http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/338
2/28 Behind the Offensive Across North Africa and Middle East http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/339
3/8 Bomb Libya? Pros & Cons http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/341
3/17 All-Out War Officially Legitimized http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/343
3/19 Why US AFRICOM Commands "odyssey Dawn" war http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/344
3/25/12 Why These Connections Blind and Bleed... 10 countries,including Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Rwanda and Uganda.
11/1/12 US Again Expands African Operations.
11/5/12 Africa in the Crosshairs: MALI, part 2