4/3/13 US Attacks DPRK, Strategic Target is China

Digest: US world domination pivots wherever it smells blood -- increasingly its own hemorrhaging power --so the digest will postpone more on the US/ israeli proxy /PLO/PA collaboration against Palestine and move to the deadly US and its proxy south korea provocations against the DPRK, China and Iran are the strategic targets since they, plus Syria and Russia, are the major obstacles to US hegemony -- in different ways. The US needs to divide capitalist rivals China and Russia, but also to harness their cooperation against Iran, Syria and NK which it is hellbent on destroying as nations. Wherever and how the US global terror war 'pivots' tactically, the information/surveillance war is always the linchpin.

Between Two Ages: America’s Role in the Technetronic Era
Zbigniew Brzezinski, 1970
"The technotronic era involves the gradual appearance of a more controlled society. Such a society would be dominated by an elite, unrestrained by traditional values. Soon it will be possible to assert almost continuous surveillance over every citizen and maintain up-to-date complete files containing even the most personal information about the citizen...millions of uncoordinated citizens, easily within the reach of magnetic and attractive personalities effectively exploiting the latest communications techniques to manipulate emotions and control reason... These files will be subject to instantaneous retrieve/review by the authorities...Technology will make available to the leaders of major nations, techniques for conducting secret warfare, of which only a bare minimum of security forces need be appraised....techniques of weather modification could be employed to produce prolonged periods of drought or storm..

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Armistice dead? US and South Korea dismiss North Korea's edict
3/12/13 www.csmonitor.com/ World/ terrorism-security/ 2013/ 0312/
North Korean state media said US and South Korea "reduced the armistice agreement to a dead paper" when they began carrying out joint naval exercises yesterday...

"Our nuclear strength is a reliable war deterrent and a guarantee to protect our sovereignty"
North Korean Leader Kim Jong Un, speech Sunday at the plenary meeting of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea

“Key Resolve” exercises begin March 11"
Foal Eagle Exercise 2013
 February 21, 2013   Press Release # 130221-2  
http://www.usfk.mil/usfk/press-release.foal.eagle.exercise.2013.1024
YONGSAN GARRISON, SEOUL, Republic of Korea – The Republic of Korea Joint Chiefs of Staff and Republic of Korea - United States Combined Forces Command announced today the U.S. and ROK forces will conduct Exercise Foal Eagle March 1-April 30... Foal Eagle is a series of 20 separate but inter-related joint and combined field training exercises.. spanning ground, air, naval, expeditionary, and special operations. Approximately 10,000 U.S forces with ROK military will participate in Exercise Foal Eagle.. The UN Command Military Armistice Commission informed the Korean People's Army through its Panmunjom Mission of the exercise dates and the non-provocative deterrent nature of exercises like Foal Eagle carried out in the spirit of the Oct.1,1953, ROK-U.S. Mutual Defense Treaty in accordance with the Armistice...“Key Resolve” exercises begin on March 11th.

War Drums Along the 38th Parallel
3/12/13 Time Magazine, http://nation.time.com/2013/03/12/war-drums-along-the-38th-parallel/
..."North Korean leaders are generating a national perception that North Korea is under threat and that war is coming." Operation Key Resolve 2013, slated to last 10 days, involves 3,000 U.S. and 10,000 South Korean troops designed to protect South Korea from an invasion from the North... Army General James Thurman, top U.S. commander in South Korea, called the war game “a critical exercise in strengthening the readiness of combined Republic of Korea and U.S. forces.”...“The United States will not accept North Korea as a nuclear state... Tom Donilon, President Obama’s National Security Adviser, told the Asia Society in New York...Despite the histrionics, the so-called demilitarized zone border between the two Koreas along the 38th parallel, has remained calm. Nonetheless, U.S. military officials expressed concern that the North might seize upon the U.S.–South Korean military drills — and the stepped-up sanctions — as a pretext for action. “Expect a North Korean provocation in the coming weeks,” say Korea experts 'intelligence assessment issued by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).

U.S. Nuclear-Capable Bombers Fly Over Korean Peninsula
3/28/13 The bombing run was part of US - South Korean training exercise that started March 1 and continue through April.

Stars and Stripes 3/28/13
http://www.stripes.com/news/b-2s-fly-nonstop-from-us-to-korea-for-exercise-missi\on-1.213833
USAFOSAN AIR BASE, South Korea: A pair of Air Force B-2 stealth bombers flew a non-stop 6.500 mi. mission from Whiteman Air Force Base, Mo., dropping inert munitions on the South Korean Jik Do Range, and returning to the continental U.S. as part of the annual Foal Eagle joint exercises At least one of the two B-2s was seen flying with an F-16 escort over Osan Air Base on Thursday. The United States is steadfast in its alliance commitment to the defense of the Republic of Korea, deterring aggression, and ensuring peace and stability in the region. American B-52s and a nuclear attack submarine were brought in earlier for the Foal Eagle war games through April.

Li Jie, an expert with a Chinese navy research institution, told Reuters “the ultimate strategic aim is to contain and blockade China, to distract its attention and slow its development. What the US is most worried about is the further development of China's economy and military strength."

Pivot to Asia or to peace?
3/20/13 By Huang Yinjiazi (Xinhua) http://english.people.com.cn/90780/8176243.html
During his first term, Obama, upholding the banner of "Asia pivot," invested much of attention and a great number of resources in the Asia-Pacific region.Washington, in the past few years, strengthened military alliance with a few Asian nations and announced a plan to shift 60 percent of its fleet to the Asia-Pacific region by 2020. These policies have done nothing to improve stability in the region. On the contrary, they emboldened a few of its Asian allies to be more assertive in territorial disputes with China and triggered speculation from Chinese experts that an "Asia pivoting" Washington actually takes aim at China, creating strategic mistrust between the world's two largest economies.

China figures prominently....
4/3/13 Foreign Policy - Situation Report, by Gordon Lubold
China figures prominently in the current situation on the Korean Peninsula as the ally that could talk North Korea off the ledge. Secretary Hagel called the new Chinese minister of national defense, Gen. Chang Wanquan yesterday... From Pentagon Press Secretary George Little's readout: "The secretary emphasized the growing threat to the U.S. and our allies posed by North Korea's aggressive pursuit of nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs and expressed to General Chang the importance of sustained U.S.-China dialogue and cooperation on these issues." Headed to China -- Gen. Marty Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, later this month. Invited to the U.S. by Hagel -- Gen. Chang.

Li Jie, an expert with a Chinese navy research institution, told Reuters “the ultimate strategic aim is to contain and blockade China, to distract its attention and slow its development. What the US is most worried about is the further development of China's economy and military strength."

'western public diplomacy':

Nuclear test adds strain to North Korea’s relationship with China
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/nuclear-test-adds-strain-to-north-ko...
Chinese leaders have spent weeks trying strenuously to dissuade Pyongyang from the nuclear test, according to Western diplomats speaking on condition of anonymity. Their failure to do so points to growing exasperation in Beijing with North Korean leader Kim Jong Eun and reflects a deteriorated relationship between the two countries that could have global consequences, these diplomats said.

The North Korea Deal That Wasn't
Joel Wit: I heard Pyongyang make a real offer - but the Obama White House didn't even listen
4/2/13 http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/04/02/the_north_korea_deal_th...
Joel Wit visiting scholar at the U.S.-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies and founder of its North Korea website
North Korea's announcement Tuesday that it intends to restart facilities at its Yongbyon nuclear installation should come as no surprise. ...What will come as a surprise is that, until recently, the North had been willing to agree to steps that could have prevented that outcome but was ignored by the United States and South Korea....

manufactured in USA:

Bruce Cumings: “U.S. Operational Control” of South Korean Military
2/14/13 by Regis Tremblay, http://regtremblay.wordpress.com/2013/02/14/bruce-cumings-on-operational... Most Americans are unaware of the role the U.S. Military has played in Korea since World War II. But, ever since then, the U.S. Military has had “operational control” of the Korean army that continues to this day. Bruce Cumings, historian and leading expert on Korea and East Asian American relations explains how and why the U.S. controls a standing army of 650,000... also, why recent change in U.S. policy allow S. Korea to extend the range of its ballistic missiles to all of N. Korea, and sale of drones to S. Korea is causing a rise in tensions between the two Koreas....[he said] Obama’s “pivot to Asia” isn’t really a pivot...because U.S. presence in the Pacific has not changed since the end of WWII.... Owhat bama did is “”shift”" more resources to the South Pacific and East Asia.

" The US was already concerned about an agreement between North Korea and Iran pledging technical and scientific cooperation"
North Korean secrecy on bomb test fuels speculation on nuclear advances
3/31/13 http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/north-korean-secre...
The United States was already concerned about an agreement between North Korea and Iran pledging technical and scientific cooperation....U.S. officials anticipated the test and monitored it closely for clues about the composition of the bomb...A successful test of a uranium-based bomb would confirm Pyongyang has achieved a second pathway to nuclear weapons, using its plentiful supply of natural uranium and new enrichment technology. A device based on highly enriched uranium, HEU, also would deepen concerns about cooperation between the hermetic regime and Iran....
Plutonium and uranium. There are two paths to a nuclear weapon. The bomb the United States dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 used HEU as its core, the one dropped three days later on Nagasaki was a plutonium device...U.S. officials said there is no direct evidence of nuclear cooperation.“We’re worried about it, but we haven’t seen it. They cooperate in many areas. Why it hasn’t yet extended to the nuclear program is frankly a mystery” said a former senior Obama administration official, who, like others spoke on the condition of anonymity“ The prospect of a third nuclear test prompted heightened scrutiny of the Korean Peninsula...Despite the intense focus, U.S. analysts acknowledged they did not pick up enough physical evidence to draw firm conclusions about the fissile material used. U.S. and S. Korean sensors failed to detect even a trace of radioactive gases in any of the 120 monitoring stations along the border and downwind from the test site

Reaching out to North Korea
4/1/13 http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/commentary/la-oe-gregg-why-obama-sho...
Obama showed on his Middle East trip to power of direct presidential involvement. He should employ that same sort of diplomacy toward Pyongyang.
Donald Gregg, South Korea CIA station chief 1973 to 1975., National Security advisor to Vice President George H.W. Bush 1982 to 1988, U.S. ambassador to South Korea 1989 to 1993,
....Next month, South Korean President Park Geun-hye will visit Washington to meet with Obama. An increasingly dangerous confrontation is building between the United States and North Korea. The outrageous rhetoric pouring out of Pyongyang makes it difficult to do anything more than dismiss North Korea's leader, Kim Jong Un. But abandoning diplomacy would be extremely dangerous. The North Koreans are convinced nuclear weapons are the only thing keeping them safe from a U.S. attack, and recent flights of nuclear-capable U.S. warplanes over the Korean peninsula only hardened that conviction. As distasteful as it may seem, we need to talk directly with them. They will not give up their nuclear weapons at this juncture, and for the United States to demand they do so as a precondition for talks will only lead to greater tension, including the possibility of a military explosion. Would it not be better to negotiate a peace treaty? I have been dealing with Korean issues for 40 years, since I arrived as CIA chief of station in Seoul. Later, from 1989 to 1993, I served as ambassador to South Korea. And time and again I saw diplomacy work where confrontation would have failed....

US LITERALLY SPEAKS FOR ITS PROXIES
S. Korean President Taking North Threats 'Very Seriously'
4/1/13 http://www.voanews.com/content/koreas-tensions/1632252.html
During a briefing for the president, the [South Korean] Ministry of National Defense. outlined a new plan allowing it to launch a pre-emptive strike against North Korea should an imminent nuclear or missile attack on the South be detected, including pushing forward the deployment of a “kill chain” system designed to detect, target and destroy missiles....
North Korea has reacted stridently to annual Foal Eagle joint military exercises that included unusual demonstrations of U.S. air power, including simulated long-range bombing runs by B-52 and B-2 strategic bombers. Sunday two U.S. Air Force F-22 Raptor stealth fighter jets flew from Kadena Air Base on the Japanese island Okinawa to Osan Air Base, south of Seoul...in the Foal Eagle exercise, which lasts until the end of this month. “Despite challenges with fiscal constraints, training opportunities remain important to ensure U.S. forces are battle-ready and trained to employ air power to deter aggression, defend the ROK (Republic of Korea), and defeat any attack against the alliance," said U.S. Air Force Major Christopher Anderson, 18th Wing Public Affairs Chief by e-mail to the VOA Seoul bureau.This month four South Korean Marines and U.S. Marine Corps war games will include landings and maneuvering of mechanized units....Despite heated rhetoric from Pyongyang, which the White House says it takes seriously, there is no sense of panic in Seoul.

domination rights: manufacturing proxy public diplomacy
US, S. Korea Ready to Counter N. Korean Aggression
4/3/13 http://www.voanews.com/content/us-s-korea-ready-to-defend-against-n-kore...
STATE DEPARTMENT — U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry...met with South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se Tuesday...key to Kerry's upcoming trip to the region. "The secretary will be discussing the DPRK’s provocations on all his stops in Northeast Asia next - on his trip next week...China is crucial to staying on the road to a negotiated settlement, and Beijing appears to share Washington's concern. "We call on all sides to be calm and exercise restraint and return as soon as possible to the path of talks and consultations to appropriately resolve the issue," said * Hong Lei. This will be very much front and center," Nuland explained. "And particularly in Beijing." North Korean aggression may be pushing China closer to U.S. calls for tougher action against Pyongyang, I think the Chinese may be more amenable to the U.S. line on North Korea. And may put more pressure on the North Koreans" says American University professor Pek Koon Heng. North Korean leaders say nuclear weapons are "the nation's life," not to be traded even for "billions of dollars" in aid.

*China urges cautious response to North Korea 03-19-13 http://apdforum.com/en_GB/article/rmiap/articles/online/features/2013/03...
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei cautioned U.S. should reach out to North Korea with diplomatic means rather than escalate volatile talks. “The anti-missile issue has a direct bearing on global and regional balance and stability. It concerns mutual strategic interests between countries. Actions such as strengthening anti-missile [defenses] will intensify antagonism and will not be beneficial to finding a solution for the problem. China hopes the relevant country will proceed on the basis of peace and stability, adopt a responsible attitude and act prudently..."Lei said.

U.S. moving key vessels nearer North Korea
4/1/13 http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-202_162-57577316/u.s-moving-key-vessels-near...
The U.S. has made a show of increasing its military hardware in South Korea. A U.S. Navy missile defense ship is currently stationed southwest of the Korean Peninsula, and a sea-going radar could soon be moved into position to keep close watch on North Korea's launch site for long-range missiles, reports CBS News correspondent David Martin. In addition, the U.S. military command in South Korea announced Sunday its latest conspicuous display of firepower, sending F-22 stealth fighter jets to participate in annual U.S.-South Korean war games over the weekend....Pyongyang calls the joint South Korean-U.S. war games a preparation for invasion...
"The actions we've taken are prudent, and they include, on missile defense to enhance both the homeland and allied security, and other actions like the B-2 and B-52 flights have been important steps to reassure our allies, demonstrate our resolve to the North, and reduce pressure on Seoul to take unilateral action," Carney said. "And we believe this has reduced the chance of miscalculation and provocation." U.S. State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland echoed Carney's reasoning for the increased military presence at a Monday press briefing, adding Secretary of State John Kerry will be traveling to the region next week, with North Korea's recent actions expected to be a prominent point of discussion. "This will be very much front and center, and particularly in Beijing," Nuland said...White House press secretary Jay Carney said the U.S. has not detected any military mobilization or repositioning of forces from Pyongyang to back up the threats from North Korean leader Kim Jong Un....

.... US said it has seen no signs of North Korean mobilization. As White House spokesman Jay Carney explained on Monday, "I would note that despite the harsh rhetoric we are hearing from Pyongyang, we are not seeing changes to the North Korean military posture, such as large-scale mobilizations and positioning of forces." ...South Korean President President Park Geun-hye vowed to respond swiftly in the event of an attack. 4/2 FP morning brief Top news...

"Pentagon tries to lower temperature"
4/2/13 http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/apr/02/us-north-korea-nuclear-plan
The Pentagon tried to lower the temperature, denying news reports that two US destroyers, the McCain and Decatur, were now off the South Korean coast. Pentagon spokesman, George Little, opted for a vaguer description of their deployment, saying only that they were positioned somewhere in the western Pacific.
John Kerry, the US secretary of state, met the South Korean foreign minister Yun Byung-se on Tuesday in Washington.Kerry said restarting Yongbyon would be a violation of international obligations. "The bottom line is very simply that what Kim Jong-un has been choosing to do is provocative, it is dangerous, reckless and the US will not accept the DPRK as a nuclear state" ...

CFR's imperialist advice: "Soft + Hard = 'Smart Power'
US strategy takes Korean crisis into new territory
http://www.france24.com/en/20130331-us-strategy-takes-korean-crisis-new-...
Scott Snyder, a senior fellow with the Council on Foreign Relations Korea studies, suggested the US, having delivered its message loud and clear, should provide Kim with a way out.
"There is a need for the United States and South Korea to offer clear diplomatic gestures to the North that help the North Koreans climb down, calm down, and change course" ...

Top Pentagon officials host Filipino foreign minister
4/2/13 http://e-ring.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/04/02/top_pentagon_officials_...
The meeting ...one official said the top issue for discussion was expected to be the damage by the USS Guardian that ran aground on a reef in the Philippines... comes as U.S. and Filipino relations have grown closer, U.S. officials feel, as both nations eye threats coming out of North Korea. The Phillipines [SIC] agreed to host more U.S. troops, ships and aircraft during a visit by then-Assistant Secretary of State Kurt Campbell... U.S. Navy ships are steaming to the Philippines for the annual bilateral Balikatan military exercise...one of the largest in the Pacific, to begin Friday. The exercise will occur this year with the world’s eyes firmly fixed on North Korea...

The Korean Peninsula, more rhetoric, not more dangerous
4/2/13 FP Situation Report: By Gordon Lubold
The situation on the Korean peninsula is getting more serious, but there are still no signs the North is changing its "military posture." Amid all the scary-sounding rhetoric, there haven't been any detectable mobilizations of any scale within North Korea. But yesterday, news came that the Navy had sent the USS John McCain, a guided-missile destroyer based in Japan that is capable of shooting down ballistic missiles, closer to the Korean Peninsula...after the arrival Sunday of two F-22 stealth fighters jets... FP's John Hudson: "[W]ith Sunday's mobilization of F-22 stealth fighter jets, the U.S. military hit its ceiling of awe-inspiring next-generation aircraft."...
White House spokesman Jay Carney, yesterday: "Well, I would reiterate that we haven't seen action to back up the rhetoric in the sense that we haven't seen significant changes, as I said, in the North in terms of mobilizations or repositioning of forces, and that is important to note. And what that disconnect between the rhetoric and action means, I'll leave to the analysts to judge."... Pressure on North Korean ally China will grow as the stakes get higher...MIT's John Park tells Situation Report... China will be told: "Either coddle your North Korean ally or reign it in."....
What do North Korea's air defenses look like? Killer Apps' John Reed asked that very question: Sure, North Korea is said to have one of the densest air defense networks on Earth. But it's largely made up of 1950s-, '60s-, and '70s-vintage Soviet-designed missiles and radars -- the type of weapons the U.S. military has been working on defeating for decades via a combination of radar jamming, anti-radar missiles and stealth technology. In fact, the B-2 and F-22 were designed in the 1980s and 1990s specifically to evade such defenses, and the ancient B-52s could simply fire AGM-86 cruise missiles at North Korea from well beyond the range of the country's air defenses." Reed looks at the SA-2 Guideline, the SA-6 Gainful, the SA-3 Goa, the SA-13 Gopher, the SA-16 Gimlets, and the SA-4 Ganef.

"The back-and-forth was viewed with worry by China and Russia. China’s Foreign Ministry reiterated its calls for restraint. Russia was more explicit, with its foreign minister, Sergey V. Lavrov, telling reporters in Moscow that he was increasingly concerned about a situation that could “get out of control — it will descend into the spiral of a vicious cycle."
https://www.nytimes.com/ 2013/ 03/ 30/ world/ asia/ kim-jong-un-of-north-korea-orders-missile-
Tensions on the Korean peninsula bring Russia and China closer
http://missilethreat.com/tensions-on-the-korean-peninsula-bring-russia-a... Missilethreat.com A Project of the George C. Marshall Institute, Arlington, VA 22209
North Korean propagandists recently posted a YouTube video under the title, "A firestorm will come crashing down on the headquarters of war." which consists mainly of clips from military parades in Pyongyang and rocket launches, the U.S. Capitol and White House come under attack. The hypothetical strike is voiced over with the message: "The White House is in the crosshairs of our long-range missiles, and the capital of war is in range of our atomic bomb." Experts at CNN report that, in fact, North Korea has no such weapons and would need many years to develop them.(Sources: Federation of American Scientists, CIA World Factbook, Nuclear Threat Initiative, U.S. Census Bureau)....The White House admits North Korea has no weaponized nuclear missiles — and that it never will, since the U.S. will not allow it. Yet the U.S. missile-defense program in the Far East continues unabated. This is not about North Korea, but China... the main detachment of U.S. submarines is not in the Atlantic Ocean but in the Pacific....30 ground-based strategic interceptors located in Alaska, and another six in California, would be perfectly sufficient to take out the few surviving Chinese warheads.
As for short- and medium-range rockets, they could be targeted by the Patriot PAC-3 missiles (which the U.S. sold to Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan), as well as the sea-based SM-2 and SM-3 missiles under the Block 1 program. Note that, in 2010, eighteen of the 21 U.S. ships equipped with the Aegis system were located in the Pacific region.
On top of this, as stated by U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel March 16, the United States intends to place another 14 interceptors in Alaska, install a second radar system in Japan, and explore the option of creating a third, home-based, missile defense silo. All this for North Korean long-range missiles that do not actually exist? It goes without saying that Beijing is well aware of the subtext.

know your NGOs
CrisisWatch N°116, 01 April 2013
Tensions continued to escalate on the Korean peninsula. The UN Security Council’s 7 March resolution condemning North Korea’s February nuclear test prompted Pyongyang to threaten pre-emptive nuclear strikes against “invaders”...
US imperialist Crisis Group's chronology of its 'pressure' on DPRK from Fall of 2003
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/publication-type/crisiwatch/crisiswatch-da...
The International Crisis Group is an independent, non-profit, NGO committed to preventing and resolving deadly conflict.
Funding: governments 49%, Foundations 20%. Private Sector 31%

The International Crisis Group is now generally recognised as the world’s leading independent, non-partisan, source of analysis and advice to governments, and intergovernmental bodies like the United Nations, European Union and World Bank

“A full-service conflict prevention organisation” - U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright

“A mirror for the conscience of the world” - U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell

“A widely respected and influential organisation - U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice

Crisis Group Board Chairman Ambassador Thomas R. Pickering, former Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs and former U.S. Ambassador to the UN, Russia, India, Israel, Jordan, El Salvador and Nigeria.

ICG Senior advisers include
Zbigniew Brzezinski, George Robertson Former Secretary General, NATO, Matthew McHugh Former U.S. Congressman and Counselor to World Bank President,
Shimon Peres President of Israel, Cyril Ramaphosa Former Secretary General, African National Congress, South Africa, Fidel V. Ramos Former President Philippines, Grigory Yavlinski Chairman, Yabloko Party, Russia, Ernesto Zedillo, Former President Mexico; Director, Yale Center for the Study of Globalization, Stanley Fischer, Governor, Bank of Israel, James V. Kimsey, Founder and Chairman Emeritus of AOLInc., Aleksander Kwasniewski, Former President Poland, Shlomo Ben-Ami Former Foreign Minister of Israel
Gareth Evans,, former Australian Foreign Minister and President Emeritus of the International Crisis Group, Malcolm Fraser Former Prime Minister Australia
Lakhdar Brahimi Former Special Adviser to UN Secretary-General and Foreign Minister of Algeria, Richard Armitage Former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State, Diego Arria Former UN Ambassador of Venezuela, Adnan Abu-Odeh, Former Political Adviser to King Abdullah II and King Hussein, and Jordan Permanent Representative to the UN.
Kenneth Adelman Former U.S. Ambassador and Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Ali Alatas, Former Foreign Minister of Indonesia, HRH Prince Turki al-Faisal [....]

Foundations
Crisis Group gratefully acknowledges the following foundation donors for their support and cooperation in Crisis Group efforts to prevent deadly conflict
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North Korea Eclipses Iran as Nuclear-Arms Threat
4/1/13 Foreign Policy Situation Report: North Korea, not Iran, is the wolf closer to the door. The U.S. flew F-22 steath fighter jets to South Korea yesterday. As tensions become more pronounced between the U.S. and North Korea, WSJ reports on A-1 this morning that the U.S. deployed the jets -- "among the most expensive and advanced weapons in the Air Force's arsenal" -- to the peninsula on Sunday. "In a conflict with North Korea, F-22s would likely be the first aircraft used. The hard-to-detect fighters could be sent in to take out air defense missiles and radars in advance of bombers aimed at missile launch sites or other targets. They could also be used to escort nuclear-capable B-2 stealth bombers, should these be used in a strike.The use of F-22s in the training exercise with South Korea...is a signal the U.S. is eager to showcase its most potent weaponry to North Korea"

U.S. ESCALATES HARD & SOFT PROPAGANDA WAR AGAINST ROK PROXY AS WELL AS DPRK ENEMY
US strategic information/public diplomacy 'news reveals international stop loss attempt
...

Questions for a North Korean Propaganda Expert
http://thelede.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/03/29/the-internet-loves-kim-jong-... By Robert Mackey
As my colleague Choe Sang-Hun reports, Global Powers Cast Wary Eye as Korean Tension Escalates<">">">">">">">">http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/30/world/asia/kim-jong-un-of-north-korea-orders-missile-readiness.html> North Korea’s state news agency released the latest in a series of saber-rattling images on Friday....To find out how the current campaign looks to an expert on North Korean propaganda, The Lede contacted B. R. Myers, North Korea analyst at Dongseo University in South Korean...who spent eight years studying North propaganda...We need to keep in mind that North and South Korea are not so much trading outright threats as trading blustering vows of how they would retaliate if attacked. The North says, “If the U.S. or South Korea dare infringe on our territory we will reduce their territory to ashes,” and Seoul responds by saying it will retaliate by bombing Kim Il-sung statues. And so it goes. I think the international press is distorting the reality somewhat by simply publishing the second half of all these conditional sentences. And I have to say from watching North Korea’s evening news broadcasts for the past week or so, the North Korean media are not quite as wrapped up in this war mood as one might think. The announcers spend the first 10 minutes or so reporting on peaceful matters before they start ranting about the enemy. And I notice from [South Korean] TV broadcasts that many people in man-on-the-street interviews talk of how they would love to give the “sea of fire” treatment to Seoul and Washington almost as if they were the same enemy territory....
Saturday, 12:34 p.m. Update: In further illustration of how North Korea’s bellicose rhetoric to the outside world can be hard to parse, Steve Herman, the Voice of America Northeast Asia bureau chief, reports that the nation’s apparently dramatic declaration of “war” was “not even mentioned” in a domestic news broadcast Saturday.
30 Mar 13 Steve Herman, VOA To put things in perspective the DPRK declaration of war was not even mentioned in tonight's main TV newscast in Pyongyang.

Is North Korea being more restrained than we think?
by Stephan Haggard | April 1st, 2013 | 07:00 am http://www.piie.com/blogs/nk/?p=9889
* Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC
...Here, we draw on the KCNA, the invaluable North Korea Leadership Watch, State Department press briefings, and other sources to update the state of play. Three general observations emerge. First, the context of the apparent escalation is the winter training cycle continuation of the joint Foal Eagle exercises. There is some baseline of what might be called “ritualized escalation” in play....Second, it is not clear the North is in fact escalating in the traditional sense of the term; the game is largely declaratory and rhetorical...a careful reading of statements over the last two weeks suggests much more caution than thought. The reason: the US started to respond more publicly to North Korean threats. Particularly noteworthy were the announcement of a major new ballistic missile defense initiative—which the Chinese quickly denounced—public statements about training runs by B52 and B2 bombers, and the quite-public announcement of an updated US-ROK Combined Counter-Provocation Plan. Although the bombing runs were connected with Foal Eagle...a DoD spokesmen made no secret that the bombers were capable of dropping nuclear ordinance. What exactly have the North Koreans done? On closer inspection, not much. A final point, by exercising restraint with respect to actual military actions, the regime can count on the fact that the US and South Korea are not going to take the first step either. This fact leads to a welcome result: North Korea’s exercises, mobilization and threats of retaliation have in fact been successful at deterring an attack, even though it was not coming in any case. The regime can now claim success and step down...

* The Peterson Institute for International Economics is a private, nonprofit, nonpartisan research institution devoted to the study of international economic policy. ›
Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics. 1750 Massachusetts Avenue, NW. Washington, DC 20036

Members of the Board

Peter G. Peterson (Chairman of the Board) Founder and Chairman, Peter G. Peterson Foundation; former Senior Chairman, The Blackstone Group; former Secretary of Commerce. and Assistant to the President for International Economic Policy.

George David (Vice Chairman of the Board) Former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, United Technologies Corporation.

James W. Owens (Chairman of the Executive Committee) Chairman and CEO Emeritus of Caterpillar.

C. Fred Bergsten Senior Fellow and Director Emeritus, Peterson Institute for International Economics; former Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs.

Ronnie C. Chan Chairman, Hang Lung Properties Limited.

Chen Yuan Governor, China Development Bank; former Deputy Governor, Peoples Bank of China.

Louis R. Chênevert Chairman and CEO, United Technologies Corporation.

Andreas C. Dracopoulos Director and co-President, Stavros Niarchos Foundation.

Jessica Einhorn Former Dean, SAIS, Johns Hopkins University,Visiting Fellow, International Monetary Fund; former Managing Director for Finance and Resource Mobilization, World Bank.

Stanley Fischer Governor, Bank of Israel; former Vice Chairman of Citigroup. See more: http://www.stanleyfischer.com

Peter Fisher Senior Director, BlackRock Investment Institute.

Arminio Fraga Founder and Co-CIO, Gávea Investimentos; former President, Central Bank of Brazil.

Jacob A. Frenkel Former governor of the Bank of Israel and former IMF economic counselor and director of research.

Maurice R. Greenberg Chairman and CEO, C.V. Starr and Co., Inc.; former Chairman, American International Group.

Herbjorn Hansson Chairman and CEO, Nordic American Tankers Limited.

Carla A. Hills Chairman, Hills & Company; former US Trade Representative; former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development; former Assistant Attorney General of the United States.

Yoshimi Inaba Chairman, Toyota Motor Sales.

Karen Katen Senior Advisor, Essex Woodlands Health Ventures; former President, Pfizer Human Health; former Vice Chairman, Pfizer Inc.

W. M. Keck II President, Coalinga Corporation.

Michael Klein Former Vice Chairman, Citigroup.

Caio Koch-Weser Vice Chairman, Deutsche Bank Group; former Deputy Minister of Finance for Germany; former Managing Director, Operations, World Bank.

Andrew N. Liveris Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer, Dow Chemical Company.

Sergio Marchionne Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Chrysler Group LLC; Chief Executive Officer, Fiat S.p.A., and Chairman, Fiat Industrial S.p.A. and CNH Global N.V.

Donald F. McHenry University Research Professor of Diplomacy and International Affairs, Georgetown University; former US Ambassador to the United Nations.

Indra K. Nooyi Chairman and CEO, PepsiCo.

Hutham Olayan President and CEO, Olayan America Corporation.

Peter R. Orszag Vice Chairman, Global Banking, Citigroup, Inc.

Michael A. Peterson Vice Chairman and Treasurer, Peter G. Peterson Foundation.

Victor Pinchuk Founder of Interpipe Corporation.

Ginni M. Rometty IBM Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer.

Lynn Forester de Rothschild CEO and President, E.L. Rothschild Limited.

Richard E. Salomon Managing Partner, East End Advisors, LLC.

Sheikh Hamad Saud Al-Sayari Former Governor, Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency.

Lawrence H. Summers Charles W. Eliot University Professor, Harvard University.

Jean-Claude Trichet Chairman Group of Thirty; former President, European Central Bank; former Governor, Banque de France; former Director of the Treasury, government of France.

Paul A. Volcker Henry Kaufman Visiting Professor, New York University Stern School of Business; Frederick H. Schultz Professor (Emeritus) of International Economic Policy, Princeton University; former Chairman, Wolfensohn and Co, Inc.; former Chairman, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and Under Secretary of the Treasury for Monetary Affairs.

Peter Voser Chief Executive Officer, Royal Dutch Shell plc.

Jacob Wallenberg Chairman, Investor AB (Sweden)

Marina v.N. Whitman Professor of Business Administration and Public Policy, University of Michigan; former Vice President and Group Executive, General Motors Corporation; former Member of the Council of Economic Advisers.

Ronald A. Williams Retired Chairman and CEO, Aetna Inc.

Ernesto Zedillo Former President of Mexico.

Honorary Directors
Alan Greenspan Former Chairman, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; former President and Chief Executive Officer, Townsend-Greenspan and Co.; former Chairman, Council of Economic Advisers.

Lee Kuan Yew Senior Minister and former Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore.

Frank E. Loy Chairman, Board of Directors, Resources for the Future; Acting Chair, Board of Directors, Populations Services International; former Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs; former Chairman of the Board, League of Conservation Voters; former President, German Marshall Fund of the United States; former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs.

David Rockefeller Former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Chase Manhattan.

George P. Shultz Honorary Fellow, Hoover Institution; former Secretary of State; President and Director of Bechtel Group, Inc.; Secretary of the Treasury; Director, Office of Management and Budget; and Secretary of Labor.

Ex Officio
Nancy Birdsall President, Center for Global Development, was Executive Vice-President of the Inter-American Development Bank from 1993 to 1998. Former Senior Associate and Director of the Economic Reform Project at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Richard N. Cooper Chairman Emeritus, Advisory Committee, Peterson Institute for International Economics; Maurits C. Boas Professor of International Economics, Harvard University; former Chairman, National Intelligence Council, former Chairman Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, former Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, former Provost, Yale University.

Barry Eichengreen Chairman, Advisory Committee, Peterson Institute for International Economics; Professor, Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley.