Transmission of Zika Virus by Aedes Mosquitoes
Zika virus transmission by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes.
Digest note: aedes aegypti mosquito BIOCHEM WAEFARE BACKGROUND:
United States Army Chemical Corps (U) Fiscal Year 1959 January 1960
U. S. Army Chemical Corps Historical Office Army Chemical Center, Maryland
https://www.osti.gov/opennet/servlets/purl/16006843-5BAfk6/16006843.pdf 260003 RCC1.950228.006
UNCLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF MAJOR EVENTS and PROBLEMS (excerpt}
...Yellow Fever (C)
In 1953 the Biological Warfare Laboratories at Fort Detrick established a program to study the use of arthropods for spreading anti- personnel BW agents. The advantages of arthropods as Bh' carriers are these: they inject the agent directly into the body, so a mask is no protection to a soldier, and they remain alive for some time, keeping an area constantly dangerous.
(C) One of the insects picked for the study was the aedes aegypti mosquito, the carrier of yellow fever virus. This species is widely distributed between latitudes 40°N and 40's. In the United States it occurs as far north as Norfolk, Virginia, but cannot survive the winters north of this latitude. The mosquito favors human habitations as breeding places. The female mosquito sucks blood from animals or humans, but seems to prefer humans. It takes its first meal two days after emerging from the larval stage and seeks blood again at intervals of about three days, While probing for blood the mosquito transmits yellow fever virus to the unknowing victim.