10/19 EBOLA WAR, p. 1

“if told there was an outside threat, real or promulgated, that threatened our very existence... individual rights will be willingly relinquished for the guarantee of well being granted them by their world government."
Henry Kissinger, May 21, 1992.

GEOSTRATEGIC CONTEXT
Securing 'post-WW2 world order' / US global domination, requires preventing socialist revolutions (aka "counterterrorism"} and crushing or coopting China-Russia-led capitalist rivals
“Next Front? Evolving US-African Strategic Relations in the ‘War on Terrorism’ and Beyond”
2007 J. Peter Pham, Comparative Strategy 26, no. 1

AFRICA: New Obama Doctrine
6/19/12
Under President Obama, operations on the continent have accelerated far beyond the more limited interventions of the Bush years. Last year's war in Libya; a regional drone campaign with missions run out of airports and bases in Djibouti, Ethiopia, and the Indian Ocean archipelago nation of Seychelles; a flotilla of 30 ships in that ocean supporting regional operations; a multi-pronged military and CIA campaign against militants in Somalia, including intelligence operations, training for Somali agents, secret prisons, helicopter attacks, and U.S. commando raids; a massive influx of cash for counterterrorism operations across East Africa; a possible old-fashioned air war, carried out on the sly in the region using manned aircraft; tens of millions of dollars in arms for allied mercenaries and African troops; and a special ops expeditionary force (bolstered by State Department experts)... operating in Uganda, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Central African Republic (where U.S. Special Forces have a new base) only begins to scratch the surface of fast-expanding U.S. plans and activities in the region.
Even less well known are other U.S. military efforts to train African forces for operations now considered integral to U.S. interests on the continent... for example, an elite Force Recon Marines operation from Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force 12 (SPMAGTF-12) to train soldiers from Uganda People's Defense Force, which supplies the majority of troops to the African Union Somalia Mission. Earlier this year, Marines from SPMAGTF-12 also trained soldiers from the Burundi National Defense Force, the second-largest contingent in Somalia; sent trainers into Djibouti (where U.S. already maintains a major Horn of Africa base at Camp Lemonier); traveled to Liberia to focus on teaching riot-control techniques to Liberia's military as part of a State Department effort to rebuild that force.
The U.S. is also conducting counterterrorism training and equipping militaries in Algeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mauritania, Niger, and Tunisia. In addition, U.S. Africa Command (Africom) has 14 major 2012 joint-training exercises planned including operations in Morocco, Cameroon, Gabon, Botswana, South Africa, Lesotho, Senegal, and what may become the Pakistan of Africa, Nigeria. Even this doesn't encompass the breadth of U.S. military missions in Africa. To take an example not on AFRICOMs list, the U.S. brought 11 nations, including Cote d'Ivoire, Gambia, Liberia, Mauritania, and Sierra Leone together in a maritime training exercise code-named Saharan Express 2012.

Recalling President Barack Obama’s statement that America is the ‘indispensable nation,” Army Secretary John McHugh declared Monday Oct. 13 that in a world of increasing strategic risk and instability, “we are the indispensable Army of that indispensable nation.”
Sunshine Chapter of the Association of the United States Army (AUSA) https://www.facebook.com/AUSASunshine

USAFRICOM'S Operation United Assistance
U.S. military's new enemy: Ebola. Operation United Assistance now underway.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2014/09/30/the-u-s-...
James Knight, US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases trains 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), Fort Campbell Ky. before deployment to West Africa.(Reuters)
President Obama formally announced the U.S. military would lead the fight against the virus in West Africa. "The reality is this epidemic is going to get worse before it gets better. But right now the world still has an opportunity to save countless lives". The U.S. is sending as many as 4,000 troops to West Africa to provide medical, logistical and security support for Operation United Assistance. "Stopping the spread of this disease is the core mission here," Gen. David Rodriguez, chief of U.S. Africa Command said http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2014/10/07/if-u-s-troop... said three laboratories are deployed now...and that some service members running testing labs that bringing them into contact with individuals who could have Ebola will wear full biological protective suits.....He soon reversed this in statement distributed by the Pentagon saying no U.S. military personnel will be treating Ebola patients directly in Africa.

Obama asserts U.S. leadership, tells UN to follow us
9/24/14 http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2014/09/24/240912_obama-asserts-us-leadership...
President Obama, speaking at the UN General Assembly's 69th session, urged world nations to follow the lead of the United States in combating global crises... from terrorist groups in the Middle East to the Ebola epidemic in West Africa..."We can renew the international system that has enabled so much progress, or allow ourselves to be pulled back by an undertow of instability...At this crossroads, I can promise you the United States of America will not be distracted or deterred from what must be done. We are heirs to a proud legacy of freedom, and we are prepared to do what is necessary to secure that legacy for generations to come. Join us in this common mission, for today’s children and tomorrow’s.”...

Executive Order
10/16/14 http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/10/16/executive-order-or...
Ordering the Selected Reserve and Certain Individual Ready Reserve Members of the Armed Forces to Active Duty
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including sections 121 and 12304 of title 10, United States Code, I hereby determine it is necessary to augment the active Armed Forces of the United States for the effective conduct of Operation United Assistance which is providing support to civilian-led humanitarian assistance and consequence management support related to the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa.

Dallas Hospital Had Ebola Screening Machine Military is Using in Africa
10/16/14 Patrick Tucker http://www.defenseone.com/threats/2014/10/dallas-hospital-had-ebola-scre...
The FilmArray retails for about $39,000 per unit and can screen for genetic markers of a wide number of respiratory, gastro-intestinal and other illness, including Ebola, with the right “kit” in place. But under FDA “research use only” rules hospitals must agree to use the machine specifically for research purposes..they can't look for Ebola in samples for diagnosing patients...FDA guidelines would not allow Dallas Presbyterian Hospital to get that kit...The military screening machine could have diagnosed the Ebola cases in Texas far faster but government guidelines prevent hospitals from using it to actually screen for Ebola.. BioFire Diagnostics, a Utah-based firm that produces disease detection technology, confirmed the Dallas Presbyterian Hospital had one, possibly for as long as two years, when Duncan came in. Company officials confirmed FilmArray and other BioFire products called JBAIDS are in use by the U.S. military in West Africa now.... In March, the Pentagon, through the Joint Program Office for Chemical and Biological Defense (JPEO) awarded BioFire a contract to adapt FilmArray....to spot a wide number of chemical or biological agents..“.. a fantastic opportunity to deliver the most cutting edge diagnostic system to our warfighter..."The motivated team at JPEO pushed an aggressive schedule that will be met by exploiting our FilmArray’s commercial diagnostic capabilities, to provide for our nation’s bio-defense and improve DOD health care” CEO of BioFire Defense Kirk Ririe, said in a March press release.
FilmArray is what the medical team at Emory used (RUO) to diagnose the first two Ebola U.S. patients, [Christian missionaries] Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebol... They write the journal Lab Medicine "(PCR)–based microbiological analyzer (BioFire FilmArray [BioFire Diagnostics, Inc, Salt Lake City, UT]) designed to detect a panel of viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic pathogens, many of which might be found in patients returning from a resource-poor region and might complicate care. Among other pathogen-specific markers this instrument detects Ebola viral RNA that we believe could have value for monitoring progression of and recovery from Ebola infection in this setting."
Dr. Luciana Borio, assistant commissioner for counterterrorism policy and acting deputy chief scientist at the FDA told National Journal recently the agency was looking to speed up evaluation of new drugs to treat Ebola...

“Our interests, the United States of America's interests, are the world's interests. Our interests are not defined by one region or one country or one area”
12/5/13 US Sec Defense Chuck Hagel

"...depopulation should be the highest priority of U.S. foreign policy towards the Third World."
National Security Memo (NSSM) 200, April 24,1974, directed by Henry Kissinger

US Biowarfare Laboratories in West Africa are the Origins of Ebola Epidemic.
excerpts by Francis A. Boyle, http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article40012.htm
...The US military just invaded Liberia...sent the101st Airborne Division..that's an elite combat division.. to establish a military base in its former colony...Pentagon and
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has been doing this since at least the 1980’s. I have absolute Pentagon document proof the CDC was doing Pentagon biowarfare work in Sierra Leone as early as 1988...probably before because they had to construct the lab...we know Fort Detrick and the CDC are there, Tulane University...a well-known USA bio-warfare center -- I would say notorious -- is there...US made sure Liberia never became a party to the Biological Weapons Convention, so they were able to do biowarfare work there to circumvent it...USAID set up many of the labs...
Francis A. Boyle.. leading U.S. professor, practitioner and advocate of international law... responsible for drafting the 1989 Biological Weapons Anti-Terrorism Act, U.S. implementing legislation for the1972 Biological Weapons Convention...Board of Directors of Amnesty International 1988-1992..he teaches international law at the University of Illinois, Champaign. He holds a Doctor of Law Magna Cum Laude and a Ph.D. in Political Science from Harvard University. He is the author of "Biowarfare and Terrorism".

"PROJECT COAST"
Project Coast: eugenics in apartheid South Africa covert chemical and biological war.. military officers trained by both US and UK govern...
www.wikileaks.org/gifiles/attach/169/169033_ProjectCoastEugenics.pdf

Begun in 1981 under the South African Defense Force's Project Coast, the ... against Soviet-supported Cuban forces with U.S. encouragement
http://www.nti.org/country-profiles/south-africa/biological/

South Africa biological terrorism lab for “democratic” countries”...England, U.S., Switzerland, France CBW military specialists contributed in good measure. ...
Voltaire Network, 28 October 2002, www.voltairene

Ebola, the African Union and Bioeconomic Warfare
Horace Campbell, www.counterpunch.org/ 2014/ 10/ 10/ ebola-the-african-union-and-bioeconomic-warfare/
Pious statements by the World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank warnings that Ebola could have “catastrophic” costs on West Africa and beyond...the World Bank.. promoting neo-liberal politics that degrade Africa...The same institutions and organizations at the forefront of bioeconomic warfare in Africa... Britain, France and the United States use the deaths of thousands to remilitarize West Africa...a combination of economic warfare and biological warfare...
One of the most profound requirements is to diminish the racialization of Ebola. CDC places the first outbreak of Ebola in Zaire in 1976... leading scientific journals the Lancet and the New England Journal of Medicine placed the first outbreak in Marburg Germany...hence the name Marburg Virus. In 1967 an outbreak of haemorrhagic fever occurred simultaneously in laboratories in Marburg and Frankfurt, Germany....the Journal of Infectious Diseases states, “Biomedical science first encountered the virus family Filoviridae when Marburg virus appeared in1967.”...Very few following the present outbreak of Ebola know there was an outbreak of Ebola in the Washington suburb of Reston, Virginia in 1989 less than 20 miles from the US Capitol. There were two other small incidents of the Reston outbreak after 1989...

In the popular book published over twenty years ago by Richard Preston, The Hot Zone: The Terrifying True Story of the Origins of the Ebola Virus, readers are exposed to the twenty years of research on a family of lethal viruses by the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRID)....This book came out when the tabloid press was making great claims about the airborne possibilities of Ebola and whipping up anti-African hysteria... the same period Robert Kaplan wrote...“The Coming Anarchy“. It was this sensationalism that set the tone about so called "failed and fragile states in Africa".. how scarcity, crime, overpopulation, tribalism, and disease were rapidly destroying the fabric of African societies ... psychological warfare against Africa and Africans...

USAMRID The U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) at Fort Detrick, Maryland, the frontline in US research supposedly for offensive preparedness against biological and chemical threats.....continued research on designer viruses ..after Nixon officially ended the US offensive biological warfare program in 1969 ...and the UN Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological and Toxin Weapons and their Destruction was signed in 1972 .... the explosion of scientific research on genetically modified organisms gave a boost to research being carried out by military and civilian agencies developing 'dual use' pathogens for CBW...or for health...

This is the research environment to grasp in the present outbreak of Ebola in West Africa.
The day before President Obama spoke to the world about an Ebola pandemic, on September 24, 2014 the White House issued new guidelines to strengthen oversight of federally funded biology research...September 25 National Public Radio (NPR) more specifically related it to dual use pathogens and research carried in government funded laboratories. This report came three years after the controversies about bird flu research being carried out for bioterror purposes...as NPR reported, “Scientists and security specialists in the midst of a fierce debate over recent experiments on a strain of bird flu virus that made it more contagious('transmissible')... in 2011 when a scientist announced at a flu conference “a lab experiment that resulted in bird flu virus becoming highly contagious between ferrets — the animal model used to study human flu infection...that just five mutations did the trick.”... in the same broadcast a director of the Center for Biosecurity at a national University said "It's a bad idea for scientists to turn a lethal virus into a lethal and highly contagious (transmissible) virus. It's a second bad idea for them to publish how they did it so others can copy it.”...

From India Sreeram Chaulia noted in “Viral Politics, Foreign Pulse", 10/8/14 that as Ebola ravages West Africa, a familiar act plays out...foreign response to conjoined health crises in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea follows imperial patterns... by former US or European masters targeted 'humanitarian aid'... codenamed “Operation United Assistance”, Washington deploying 4,000 military personnel on war footing by US Africa Command (AFRICOM).”

Project 112 ...Ebola airborne transmission was the theme of Hollywood's 'Outbreak'. What has not been in the public domain is the fact the US from 1962 to 1973 carried out a CBW project called Project 112 ...those being experimented on did not know they were guinea pigs. In 2000 CBS mentioned this CBW program and that...“The US Department of Defense conducted testing of agents in other countries that were considered too unethical to perform within the continental United States.”...

Africa and bioterrorism
Africans have faced bioterrorism from the time of colonialism and apartheid and well documented in the book Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present. Harriet Washington goes into great detail about bioterrorism against black people. The Tuskegee experiment is the most well-known case of using black bodies as guinea pigs for medical experimentation. Harriet Washington placed chemical and biological warfare under the category of “bioterrorism” ....usually microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or derivatives from humans, animals or plants” as weapons of terrorism....[and] that chemical agents can be used to kill people directly, such as with nerve gas, or indirectly, such as biological warfare to pollute the environment... cut off the source of food (plants, livestock), water, or both. Rebeccca Skloot's The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks (Hela Cells) is another devastating account...
Horace Campbell, a professor of African American Studies and Political Science at Syracuse University, is the author of Global NATO and the Catastrophic Failure in Libya: Lessons for Africa in the Forging of African Unity, Monthly Review Press, New York, 2013.

The Africa Center for Strategic Studies
Director: Ambassador William M. Bellamy (Ret.) National Defense University, Wa.D.C.
April 2012 by J. Peter Pham, Director of the Africa Center at the Atlantic Council in Washington, DC.

...Boko Haram’s rhetoric and tactics indicate the organization has expanded its reach well beyond its original base in northeastern Nigeria. Indeed, it may be evolving into a transnational threat with links to other terrorist groups and violent extremists in North, West and East Africa. Thus the group constitutes a wider threat to political, economic, and security interests in Africa. Given that Nigeria is Africa’s biggest oil exporter (it holds the world’s 10th largest proven reserves) as well ...Nigerian security forces, military and police could use assistance in the fight against jihadists...especially intelligence and investigations. Due caution should be exercised to maintain the lightest possible international footprint lest this support becomes an issue militants exploit... government must also better address the many legitimate grievances that render meaningful segments of the population in the
North amenable to the militant’s message of overturning the status quo in Nigeria... The upsurge in attacks in Nigeria, coupled with developments elsewhere in the Sahel, are a vivid reminder that extremism and violence cannot be contained by arbitrary divisions, on maps or in analytical frameworks. Consequently, the emergence of Boko Haram and its burgeoning capacity for violence ought to be recognized as both a national and transnational problem—and addressed as such.